Dispersing

Dispersing means the mixing of at least two substances that do not or only hardly mix or chemically bind. In the dispersing process, a substance, also called dispersed phase, is dispersed as finely as possible in another substance, the dispersing agent. In this case, a heterogeneous mixture is produced. The range of liquids, in which different solids can be contained, is various: From skin creams, lotions, to slurries, paint or solid-containing food, such as orange juice.

With the diaphragm metering pumps and streamlined suspension valves, LEWA offers the suitable solution for the metering of fluids with solid particles.

Solutions

During dispersion, solid particles in between the guiding surfaces of the pumps can lead to jamming of the movable closing unit. If solid particles are trapped, this prevents the complete closing of a valve. Thus, the fluid can flow back through the remaining gap. If the valve opens only slightly (e.g., with very small stroke lengths or high spring load), solid particles larger than the opening gap may not pass of i.e. a valve.

At low flow velocities (small stroke length, small stroke frequency), solid particles can be deposited in the flow dead spaces of the valve. The consequences of this are non-constant flow rate, increased wear, increase in pressure loss, reduced flow rate up to the failure of a pump.

The following solutions are offered by LEWA diaphragm metering pumps with suspension valves for dispersing:

  • Different material pairings in the pump head make it possible to optimally convey the various dispersions
  • Hermetically tight: no foreign matter can enter
  • Easy handling of abrasive dispersions
  • Use of suspension valves:
    • Streamlined
    • For highly viscous fluids, the pressure loss is counteracted, so that enough fluid can be metered and the volume flow can be ensured
    • LEWA intellidrive enables the extension of the suction stroke. This allows the pump to be adapted to different viscosities
    • Speed of the pump can be adjusted to customer requirements, as dispersions sometimes have to be dosed slowly
    • Flexibility: cooled or heated fluid possible
    • Heated pump heads with hot fluid
    • Product is not stressed during the metering process: no segregation of the fluid will occure
LEWA intellidrive diaphragm metering pump

Background

Dispersing – what is it?

If two substances cannot be dissolved in each other or chemically combined, they form an interface. This interface prevents the formation of a dispersion, a heterogeneous mixture of two substances. If these substances are to be mixed together, dispersing is applied. This causes the enlargement of the boundary surfaces, which effectuates a balance of the two substances to be mixed.

More precisely, this is a momentary comminution of the liquid and the solid particles to almost the same size. In addition, long-term stability of the dispersion can be achieved by using emulsifiers and stabilizers. 

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© 2020 LEWA GmbH